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Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2: Instances

Instance Types

Amazon EC2 instances are grouped into two families: standard and High-CPU. Standard instances have memory to CPU ratios suitable for most general purpose applications; High-CPU instances have proportionally more CPU resources than memory (RAM) and are well suited for compute-intensive applications. When selecting instance types, you might want to use less powerful instance types for your web server instances and more powerful instance types for your database instances. Additionally, you might want to run CPU instance types for CPU-intensive data processing tasks.

One of the advantages of EC2 is that you pay by the instance hour, which makes it convenient and inexpensive to test the performance of your application on different instance families and types. One good way to determine the most appropriate instance family and instance type is to launch test instances and benchmark your application.

Note: Instance Types

The instance types are defined as constants in the code. Column eight in the table is the defined constant name

Available Instance Types
Type CPU Memory Storage Platform I/O Name Constant Name
Small

1 EC2 Compute Unit (1 virtual core with 1 EC2 Compute Unit)

1.7 GB

160 GB instance storage (150 GB plus 10 GB root partition)

32-bit

Moderate

m1.small

Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance::SMALL
Large

4 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each)

7.5 GB

850 GB instance storage (2 x 420 GB plus 10 GB root partition)

64-bit

High

m1.large

Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance::LARGE
Extra Large

8 EC2 Compute Units (4 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each)

15 GB

1,690 GB instance storage (4 x 420 GB plus 10 GB root partition)

64-bit

High

m1.xlarge

Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance::XLARGE
High-CPU Medium

5 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each)

1.7 GB

350 GB instance storage (340 GB plus 10 GB root partition)

32-bit

Moderate

c1.medium

Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance::HCPU_MEDIUM
High-CPU Extra Large

20 EC2 Compute Units (8 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each)

7 GB

1,690 GB instance storage (4 x 420 GB plus 10 GB root partition)

64-bit

High

c1.xlarge

Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance::HCPU_XLARGE

Running Amazon EC2 Instances

This section describes the operation methods for maintaining Amazon EC2 Instances.

Example #1 Starting New Ec2 Instances

run will launch a specified number of EC2 Instances. run takes an array of parameters to start, below is a table containing the valid values.

Valid Run Options
Name Description Required
imageId

ID of the AMI with which to launch instances.

Yes

minCount

Minimum number of instances to launch. Default: 1

No

maxCount

Maximum number of instances to launch. Default: 1

No

keyName

Name of the key pair with which to launch instances. If you do not provide a key, all instances will be inaccessible.

No

securityGroup

Names of the security groups with which to associate the instances.

No

userData

The user data available to the launched instances. This should not be Base64 encoded.

No

instanceType

Specifies the instance type. Default: m1.small

No

placement

Specifies the availability zone in which to launch the instance(s). By default, Amazon EC2 selects an availability zone for you.

No

kernelId

The ID of the kernel with which to launch the instance.

No

ramdiskId

The ID of the RAM disk with which to launch the instance.

No

blockDeviceVirtualName

Specifies the virtual name to map to the corresponding device name. For example: instancestore0

No

blockDeviceName

Specifies the device to which you are mapping a virtual name. For example: sdb

No

monitor

Turn on AWS CloudWatch Instance Monitoring

No

run will return information about each instance that is starting up.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->run(array('imageId' => 'ami-509320',
                                   'keyName' => 'myKey',
                                   'securityGroup' => array('web',
                                                            'default')));

Example #2 Rebooting an Ec2 Instances

reboot will reboot one or more instances.

This operation is asynchronous; it only queues a request to reboot the specified instance(s). The operation will succeed if the instances are valid and belong to the user. Requests to reboot terminated instances are ignored.

reboot returns boolean TRUE or FALSE

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->reboot('instanceId');

Example #3 Terminating an Ec2 Instances

terminate shuts down one or more instances. This operation is idempotent; if you terminate an instance more than once, each call will succeed.

terminate returns boolean TRUE or FALSE

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->terminate('instanceId');

Note: Terminated Instances

Terminated instances will remain visible after termination (approximately one hour).

Amazon Instance Utilities

In this section you will find out how to retreive information, the console output and see if an instance contains a product code.

Example #4 Describing Instances

describe returns information about instances that you own.

If you specify one or more instance IDs, Amazon EC2 returns information for those instances. If you do not specify instance IDs, Amazon EC2 returns information for all relevant instances. If you specify an invalid instance ID, a fault is returned. If you specify an instance that you do not own, it will not be included in the returned results.

describe will return an array containing information on the instance.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->describe('instanceId');

Note: Terminated Instances

Recently terminated instances might appear in the returned results. This interval is usually less than one hour. If you do not want terminated instances to be returned, pass in a second variable of boolean TRUE to describe and the terminated instances will be ignored.

Example #5 Describing Instances By Image Id

describeByImageId is functionally the same as describe but it will only return the instances that are using the provided imageId.

describeByImageId will return an array containing information on the instances thare were started by the passed in imageId

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->describeByImageId('imageId');

Note: Terminated Instances

Recently terminated instances might appear in the returned results. This interval is usually less than one hour. If you do not want terminated instances to be returned, pass in a second variable of boolean TRUE to describe and the terminated instances will be ignored.

Example #6 Retreiving Console Output

consoleOutput retrieves console output for the specified instance.

Instance console output is buffered and posted shortly after instance boot, reboot, and termination. Amazon EC2 preserves the most recent 64 KB output which will be available for at least one hour after the most recent post.

consoleOutput returns an array containing the instanceId, timestamp from the last output and the output from the console.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->consoleOutput('instanceId');

Example #7 Confirm Product Code on an Instance

confirmProduct returns TRUE if the specified product code is attached to the specified instance. The operation returns FALSE if the product code is not attached to the instance.

The confirmProduct operation can only be executed by the owner of the AMI. This feature is useful when an AMI owner is providing support and wants to verify whether a user's instance is eligible.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->confirmProduct('productCode', 'instanceId');

Example #8 Turn on CloudWatch Monitoring on an Instance(s)

monitor returns the list of instances and their current state of the CloudWatch Monitoring. If the instance does not currently have Monitoring enabled it will be turned on.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->monitor('instanceId');

Example #9 Turn off CloudWatch Monitoring on an Instance(s)

monitor returns the list of instances and their current state of the CloudWatch Monitoring. If the instance currently has Monitoring enabled it will be turned off.

$ec2_instance = new Zend_Service_Amazon_Ec2_Instance('aws_key',
                                                     'aws_secret_key');
$return = $ec2_instance->unmonitor('instanceId');
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