The following adapters are shipped with Zend Framework by default.
Zend_Captcha_Word is an abstract adapter that serves as the base
class for most other CAPTCHA adapters. It provides mutators for
specifying word length, session TTL, the session namespace object
to use, and the session namespace class to use for persistence if
you do not wish to use
Zend_Captcha_Word encapsulates validation logic.
By default, the word length is 8 characters, the session timeout is
5 minutes, and
Zend_Session_Namespace is used for persistence
(using the namespace "
In addition to the methods required by the
Zend_Captcha_Word exposes the following methods:
setWordLen($length) and getWordLen() allow you to specify the length of the generated "word" in characters, and to retrieve the current value.
setTimeout($ttl) and getTimeout() allow you to specify the time-to-live of the session token, and to retrieve the current value. $ttl should be specified in seconds.
setUseNumbers($numbers) and getUseNumbers() allow you to specify if numbers will be considered as possible characters for the random work or only letters would be used.
getSessionClass() allow you to specify an
Zend_Session_Namespace implementation to
use to persist the CAPTCHA token and to retrieve the
getId() allows you to retrieve the current token identifier.
getWord() allows you to retrieve the generated word to use with the CAPTCHA. It will generate the word for you if none has been generated yet.
setSession(Zend_Session_Namespace $session) allows you to specify a session object to use for persisting the CAPTCHA token. getSession() allows you to retrieve the current session object.
All word CAPTCHAs allow you to pass an array of options to the
constructor, or, alternately, pass them to
setOptions(). You can also pass a
Zend_Config object to setConfig(). By
default, the wordLen, timeout, and
sessionClass keys may all be used. Each concrete
implementation may define additional keys or utilize the options in
Zend_Captcha_Wordis an abstract class and may not be instantiated directly.
Zend_Captch_Dumb adapter is mostly self-descriptive. It
provides a random string that must be typed in reverse to validate. As such, it's
not a good CAPTCHA solution and should only be used for
testing. It extends
Zend_Captcha_Figlet adapter utilizes
Zend_Text_Figlet to present
a figlet to the user.
Zend_Captcha_Image adapter takes the generated word and
renders it as an image, performing various skewing permutations to make it
difficult to automatically decipher. It
requires the » GD extension
compiled with TrueType or Freetype support. Currently, the
Zend_Captcha_Image adapter can only generate
Zend_Captcha_Word, and additionally exposes the
setExpiration($expiration) and getExpiration() allow you to specify a maximum lifetime the CAPTCHA image may reside on the filesystem. This is typically a longer than the session lifetime. Garbage collection is run periodically each time the CAPTCHA object is invoked, deleting all images that have expired. Expiration values should be specified in seconds.
setGcFreq($gcFreq) and getGcFreg() allow you to specify how frequently garbage collection should run. Garbage collection will run every 1/$gcFreq calls. The default is 100.
setFont($font) and getFont() allow you to specify the font you will use. $font should be a fully qualified path to the font file. This value is required; the CAPTCHA will throw an exception during generation if the font file has not been specified.
setFontSize($fsize) and getFontSize() allow you to specify the font size in pixels for generating the CAPTCHA. The default is 24px.
setHeight($height) and getHeight() allow you to specify the height in pixels of the generated CAPTCHA image. The default is 50px.
setWidth($width) and getWidth() allow you to specify the width in pixels of the generated CAPTCHA image. The default is 200px.
setImgDir($imgDir) and getImgDir() allow you to specify the directory for storing CAPTCHA images. The default is "./images/captcha/", relative to the bootstrap script.
setImgUrl($imgUrl) and getImgUrl() allow you to specify the relative path to a CAPTCHA image to use for HTML markup. The default is "/images/captcha/".
setSuffix($suffix) and getSuffix() allow you to specify the filename suffix for the CAPTCHA image. The default is ".png". Note: changing this value will not change the type of the generated image.
setDotNoiseLevel($level) and getDotNoiseLevel(), along with setLineNoiseLevel($level) and getLineNoiseLevel(), allow you to control how much "noise" in the form of random dots and lines the image would contain. Each unit of $level produces one random dot or line. The default is 100 dots and 5 lines. The noise is added twice - before and after the image distortion transformation.
All of the above options may be passed to the constructor by simply removing the 'set' method prefix and casting the initial letter to lowercase: "suffix", "height", "imgUrl", etc.
Zend_Captcha_ReCaptcha adapter uses Zend_Service_ReCaptcha
to generate and validate CAPTCHAs. It exposes the following
setPrivKey($key) and getPrivKey() allow you to specify the private key to use for the ReCaptcha service. This must be specified during construction, although it may be overridden at any point.
setPubKey($key) and getPubKey() allow you to specify the public key to use with the ReCaptcha service. This must be specified during construction, although it may be overridden at any point.
setService(Zend_Service_ReCaptcha $service) and getService() allow you to set and get the ReCaptcha service object.
isValid($value, $context = null) validates the user's input against the ReCaptcha service. $value is an array with the following keys:
recaptcha_challenge_field - Value of the ReCaptcha widget's challenge field (hidden)
recaptcha_response_field - Value of the ReCaptcha widget's user input field